Study finds that having a big breakfast boosts fertility among women with a common female endocrine disorder.
The findings, published in Clinical Science, found that eating the largest meal of the day for breakfast could help women who suffer with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) to conceive.
Woman with PCOS become resistant to insulin, increasing androgen levels. The syndrome affects around 5 -10% of women of reproductive age, resulting in decreased fertility.
Researchers from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and Tel Aviv University studied 60 patients with PCOS, aged between 25 and 39. The study showed higher levels of ovulation in the group who ate their largest meal in the morning. Glucose levels and insulin resistance decreased by 8% and levels of the androgen testosterone fell by 50%. Those who ate their larger meal in the evening witnessed no change.
Patients in the group were told to eat about 1800 calories per day, half having their main meal of the day at breakfast and the other half at dinner.
Professor Oren Froy, who led the study, said: “The research clearly demonstrates that indeed the amount of calories we consume daily is very important, but the timing as to when we consume them is even more important.”
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One of the co-authors of the study, Professor Daniela Jakubowicz, discusses the findings of their Clinical Science paper on how caloric intake timing effects insulin resistance and hyperandrogenism in lean women with polycystic ovary syndrome
Clinical Science (Impact Factor 4.859) is a multi-disciplinary journal at the interface of clinical research and discovery science, publishing pre-clinical and clinical-based research addressing the biology of human health and disease.